Nuclear and molecular imaging in cerebral palsy

Marc Hickeson, Efrosyni Sfakianaki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Nuclear or molecular imaging (N/MI) is a functional imaging method, which utilizes radiopharmaceuticals (RPHs) to prepare the patient and special detectors to map and measure the distribution of the administered RPHs inside the body. RPHs are biologically active molecules labeled with radioactive isotopes (or radionuclides). They target either normal tissues or specific pathology (e.g., tumors, infection, etc.) and are administered in absolutely safe and harmless small quantities. N/MI provides a noninvasive evaluation of patients with or at risk of developing cerebral palsy and predicts outcome of these patients. It has also an established role for the localization of seizure foci in epilepsy, which is present in approximately two fifths of patients with cerebral palsy. Novel PET tracers that are used in some neurological centers image gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor with 18F-fluoroflumazenil and serotonin function with 11C-alpha-methyl-l-tryptophan, and these have the potential to become the standard of care in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCerebral Palsy
Subtitle of host publicationA Multidisciplinary Approach, Third Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783319678580
ISBN (Print)9783319678573
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Cerebral palsy
  • Epilepsy
  • Molecular imaging
  • Nuclear medicine
  • Positron emission tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Health Professions(all)


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