Congenital long QT syndrome may be transmitted as either an autosomal dominant or recessive trait. Two families with the autosomal recessive Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome (JLNS), and one family with the autosomal dominant Romano-Ward syndrome (RWS) were evaluated for mutations in KCNQ1. Two different novel frameshift mutations were discovered in one of the JLNS families (1188delC) and in the RWS family (504delG). A third allele (R518X) was observed in the second JLNS family. The R518X allele was previously associated with recessive long QT syndrome without deafness, but was present in a congenitally deaf proband in our study. These data extend the range of known KCNQ1 mutations associated with both recessive and dominant forms of congenital long QT syndrome, and demonstrate that the R518X allele may be associated with or without congenital deafness.
|Number of pages||2|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2000|
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