Novel GHRH antagonists suppress the growth of human malignant melanoma by restoring nuclear p27 function

Luca Szalontay, Andrew V. Schally, Petra Popovics, Irving Vidaurre, Awtar Krishan, Marta Zarandi, Ren Zhi Cai, Anna Klukovits, Norman L. Block, Ferenc G. Rick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Malignant melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer; the treatment of advanced and recurrent forms remains a challenge. It has recently been reported that growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) receptor is involved in the pathogenesis of melanoma. Therefore, we investigated the effects of our new GHRH antagonists on a human melanoma cancer cell line. Antiproliferative effects of GHRH antagonists, MIA-602, MIA-606 and MIA-690, on the human melanoma cell line, A-375, were studied in vitro using the MTS assay. The effect of MIA-690 (5 μg/day 28 d) was further evaluated in vivo in nude mice bearing xenografts of A-375. Subcellular localization of p27 was detected with Western blot and immunofluorescent staining. MIA-690 inhibited the proliferation of A-375 cells in a dose-dependent manner (33% at 10 μM, and 19.2% at 5 μM, P < 0 .05 vs. control), and suppressed the growth of xenografted tumors by 70.45% (P < 0.05). Flow cytometric analysis of cell cycle effects following the administration of MIA-690 revealed a decrease in the number of cells in G2/M phase (from 19.7% to 12.9%, P < 0.001). Additionally, Western blot and immunofluorescent studies showed that exposure of A-375 cells to MIA-690 triggered the nuclear accumulation of p27. MIA-690 inhibited tumor growth in vitro and in vivo, and increased the translocation of p27 into the nucleus thus inhibiting progression of the cell cycle. Our findings indicate that patients with malignant melanoma could benefit from treatment regimens, which combine existing chemotherapy agents and novel GHRH-antagonists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2790-2797
Number of pages8
JournalCell Cycle
Volume13
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

Keywords

  • Growth hormone-releasing hormone antagonist
  • Melanoma
  • P27
  • Targeted therapy
  • Xenografted mouse model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Novel GHRH antagonists suppress the growth of human malignant melanoma by restoring nuclear p27 function'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this