A family with congenital hypothyroidism was identified with two novel deleterious compound heterozygous thyroid peroxidase (TPO) mutations (c.962C>A, and c.1577C>T). Serum thyroid tests showed higher-than-expected serum-free thyroxine (T4) relative to TT3, while reverse triiodothyronine (rT3) was also elevated. Two siblings manifested a more severe phenotype of developmental delay compared with another sibling and were found to harbor an additional novel heterozygous deleterious iodothyronine deiodinase 1 (DIO1) mutation (c.395G>A). In the context of L-T4 replacement, the decreased D1 activity results in abnormal thyroid hormone metabolism with decreased triiodothyronine (T3) generation from L-T4 and may result in decreased T3 bioavailability during critical stages of development.
- congenital hypothyroidism
- reverse T3
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism