Notch1 pathway activity determines the regulatory role of cancer-associated fibroblasts in melanoma growth and invasion

Hongwei Shao, Ranran Kong, Massimiliano L. Ferrari, Freddy Radtke, Anthony J Capobianco, Zhao-Jun Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) play a crucial role in regulating cancer progression, yet the molecular determinant that governs the tumor regulatory role of CAF remains unknown. Using a mouse melanoma model in which exogenous melanoma cells were grafted on the skin of two lines of mice where the genetic activation or inactivation of Notch1 signaling specifically occurs in natural host stromal fibroblasts, we demonstrated that Notch1 pathway activity could determine the tumor-promoting or tumor-suppressing phenotype in CAF. CAF carrying elevated Notch1 activity significantly inhibited melanoma growth and invasion, while those with a null Notch1 promoted melanoma invasion. These findings identify the Notch1 pathway as a molecular determinant that controls the regulatory role of CAF in melanoma skin growth and invasion, unveiling Notch1 signaling as a potential therapeutic target for melanoma and potentially other solid tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0142815
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

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Fibroblasts
melanoma
fibroblasts
Melanoma
neoplasms
Tumors
Growth
Neoplasms
Skin
Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts
Chemical activation
Phenotype
mice
inactivation
phenotype
therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Notch1 pathway activity determines the regulatory role of cancer-associated fibroblasts in melanoma growth and invasion. / Shao, Hongwei; Kong, Ranran; Ferrari, Massimiliano L.; Radtke, Freddy; Capobianco, Anthony J; Liu, Zhao-Jun.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 10, No. 11, e0142815, 01.11.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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