North American design guidelines for concrete reinforcement and strengthening using FRP: Principles, applications and unresolved issues

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports on the North American state-of-the-art in the use of FRP composites in concrete structures. For new construction, FRP bars have been used as the internal reinforcement in concrete members to replace conventional steel rebars for a host of reasons. The principles for design and construction have been established and proposed to industry by the American Concrete Institute (ACI). For repair and upgrade, strengthening of concrete members with externally bonded FRP laminates or near surface mounted (NSM) bars has received remarkable attention. The design and construction principles for use in practice are being finalized by ACI. On the application side, FRP materials have been used in some multi-million dollar projects for strengthening parking garages, multi-purpose convention centers, office buildings and silos. The drivers for this technology are several, but perhaps the most relevant one is the ease of installation. In the repair/upgrade arena (as well as new construction), perhaps one of the most important unresolved question remains that of durability (including fire resistance). Further research and validation is necessary to increase confidence in FRP technology for concrete construction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-446
Number of pages8
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume17
Issue number6-7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Concrete reinforcements
Concretes
Concrete construction
Repair
Fire resistance
Office buildings
Steel
Strengthening (metal)
Laminates
Reinforcement
Durability
Composite materials
Industry

Keywords

  • Construction
  • Design
  • Externally bonded reinforcement
  • Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP)
  • Near-surface mounted reinforcement
  • Prestressed concrete
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Reinforcement
  • Repair
  • Strengthening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper reports on the North American state-of-the-art in the use of FRP composites in concrete structures. For new construction, FRP bars have been used as the internal reinforcement in concrete members to replace conventional steel rebars for a host of reasons. The principles for design and construction have been established and proposed to industry by the American Concrete Institute (ACI). For repair and upgrade, strengthening of concrete members with externally bonded FRP laminates or near surface mounted (NSM) bars has received remarkable attention. The design and construction principles for use in practice are being finalized by ACI. On the application side, FRP materials have been used in some multi-million dollar projects for strengthening parking garages, multi-purpose convention centers, office buildings and silos. The drivers for this technology are several, but perhaps the most relevant one is the ease of installation. In the repair/upgrade arena (as well as new construction), perhaps one of the most important unresolved question remains that of durability (including fire resistance). Further research and validation is necessary to increase confidence in FRP technology for concrete construction.",
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