Urinary diversion with creation of a continent ileocolonic reservoir was performed in 25 patients with gynecological malignancies at our institution between September 1989 and September 1994. A retrospective review was conducted and cases were analyzed for functional complications associated with reservoir formation. Functional reservoir complications were defined as (1) difficulty with catheterization, (2) reservoir fistulae, (3) reservoir stones, and (4) ureteral stenosis. Management strategies and outcomes for these complications were determined. All patients had received prior pelvic radiation therapy. There was no surgical mortality. Median follow-up was 21 months, and 16 patients (64%) are currently alive. Fourteen of the patients (56%) had one or more complications attributable to a functional aspect of the continent reservoir. Two patients had difficulty with catheterization (8%), two patients had reservoir leak (8%), and one patient had reservoir stones (4%). Nonsurgical management strategies were used in these cases including balloon dilation of the ileocecal valve, stomal dilation, ureteral stenting, percutaneous nephrostomy, and endoscopic lithotripsy. All cases of catheterization problems, reservoir fistulae, and reservoir stones were resolved with nonoperative techniques. Thirteen of 50 ureters (26%) had some degree of stenosis. Percutaneous balloon dilation was utilized in nine cases of ureteral stenosis. Relief of stenosis was complete in five, partial in two, and not achieved in two of the cases. No patients required a reoperation for a reservoir complication. In conclusion, continent ileocolonic urinary diversion can be performed in patients previously treated with radiotherapy; however, functional reservoir problems may occur. Interventional radiology strategies are useful in managing many of these problems and reexploration can be successfully avoided.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology