Objective: To report visual acuity outcomes of nonsurgical management of macular hemorrhage secondary to retinal artery macroaneurysms. Methods: Forty-one patients at multiple centers with macular hemorrhage secondary to retinal artery macroaneurysms managed with observation alone were reviewed. Time to clearance of macular hemorrhage, visual acuity at final follow-up, and presence or absence of macular pigmentary changes after absorption of the hemorrhage were recorded for each patient. Results: On initial examination, visual acuity was 20/200 or worse in all except 4 patients (3 with 20/70, 1 with 20/80). At an average follow-up of 15.7 months, a final visual acuity of 20/40 or better was achieved in 15 eyes (37%), between 20/50 and 20/100 in 12 (29%), and 20/200 or worse in 14 (34%). Macular pigmentary abnormalities were noted after clearance of the hemorrhage in 23 (56%) of 41 cases, and these eyes generally had worse visual acuity outcomes. Conclusions: In eyes with macular hemorrhage secondary to retinal artery macroaneurysms managed with observation alone, good visual acuity outcomes can often be achieved. Poorer visual acuity outcomes are associated with macular pigmentary changes after resorption of blood.
ASJC Scopus subject areas