Nonprecious metal perovskite electrocatalysts for direct methanol fuel cells

Xiangyang Zhou, Baili Hu, Zhen Chen, Francisco Delgado, Rajiv Srivastava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rare-earth perovskites with the overall composition La1-xM 1-yO3-δ (M - transition metal, 0.0 ≤ x, y ≤ 0.2) have been synthesized. Electrocatalyst inks were prepared via mixing the perovskites with an active carbon powder and Nafion solution. Membrane electrode assemblies were fabricated using the electrocatalyst inks, carbon cloth, and Nafion membranes. Electrochemical measurements were conducted in methanol solutions. The onset potential of methanol oxidation on La1-xFe 1-yO3-δ electrocatalysts was 0.15 V more cathodic than those on 20% Pt/C and 40% Pt-Ru/C, indicating an easier initiation of methanol oxidation on La1-xFe1-yO3-δ. The apparent exchange current density for La1-xFe1-yO 3-δ was 20% greater than that for 20% Pt/C but 50% less than that for 40% Pt-Ru/C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)A616-A618
JournalElectrochemical and Solid-State Letters
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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