Non-invasive ventilation of the preterm infant

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is increasingly being used in preterm infants with the purpose of reducing the risk of adverse pulmonary outcome associated with invasive mechanical ventilation. This review analyzes the evidence from physiologic and clinical studies on the use of NIV in the preterm infant. Physiologic data indicate advantages of NIV with regard to ventilation, gas exchange, breathing effort and thoraco-abdominal distortion. Data from clinical trials have consistently shown facilitation of weaning from mechanical ventilation and potential benefits in infants with RDS and apnoea. Long term improvements in respiratory outcome have also been reported but need to be confirmed in larger trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)815-819
Number of pages5
JournalEarly Human Development
Volume84
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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