Non-expert ratings of infant and parent emotion: Concordance with expert coding and relevance to early autism risk

Jason K. Baker, John D. Haltigan, Ryan Brewster, James Jaccard, Daniel Messinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated a novel approach to obtaining data on parent and infant emotion during the Face-to-Face/Still-Face paradigm, and examined these data in light of previous findings regarding early autism risk. One-hundred and eighty eight non-expert students rated 38 parents and infant siblings of children who did (20) or did not (18) have autism spectrum disorders. Ratings averaged across 10 non-experts exhibited high concordance with expert facial-action codes for infant emotion, and 20 non-experts were required for reliable parent ratings. Findings replicated the well-established still-face effect and identified subtle risk associations consonant with results from previous investigations. The unique information offered by intuitive non-expert ratings is discussed as an alternative to complex and costly behavioral coding systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)88-95
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Development
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Emotion
  • Infancy
  • Measurement
  • Observation
  • Parentĝ€"child interaction
  • Rating
  • Still-face

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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