NMNATs, evolutionarily conserved neuronal maintenance factors

Yousuf O. Ali, David Li-Kroeger, Hugo J. Bellen, Rong G Zhai, Hui Chen Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

•Neurons require a 'maintenance plan' that enables them to endure daily wear and tear.•NMNATs function as NAD synthesizing enzymes and chaperones.•Loss of NMNAT causes rapid and severe neurodegeneration.•NMNATs have the broadest and most potent neuroprotective effects.•Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, and other neurodegenerative disorders are accompanied by downregulation of NMNAT. Proper brain function requires neuronal homeostasis over a range of environmental challenges. Neuronal activity, injury, and aging stress the nervous system, and lead to neuronal dysfunction and degeneration. Nevertheless, most organisms maintain healthy neurons throughout life, implying the existence of active maintenance mechanisms. Recent studies have revealed a key neuronal maintenance and protective function for nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyl transferases (NMNATs). We review evidence that NMNATs protect neurons through multiple mechanisms in different contexts, and highlight functions that either require or are independent of NMNAT catalytic activity. We then summarize data supporting a role for NMNATs in neuronal maintenance and raise intriguing questions on how NMNATs preserve neuronal integrity and facilitate proper neural function throughout life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)632-640
Number of pages9
JournalTrends in Neurosciences
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2013

Fingerprint

Nicotinamide Mononucleotide
Maintenance
Neurons
glutamine-synthetase adenylyltransferase
Neuroprotective Agents
Tears
Neurodegenerative Diseases
NAD
Nervous System
Parkinson Disease
Alzheimer Disease
Homeostasis
Down-Regulation

Keywords

  • Axonopathy
  • Chaperone
  • NAD
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Neuronal maintenance
  • NMNAT
  • Proteinopathies
  • Synapse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

NMNATs, evolutionarily conserved neuronal maintenance factors. / Ali, Yousuf O.; Li-Kroeger, David; Bellen, Hugo J.; Zhai, Rong G; Lu, Hui Chen.

In: Trends in Neurosciences, Vol. 36, No. 11, 01.11.2013, p. 632-640.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ali, Yousuf O. ; Li-Kroeger, David ; Bellen, Hugo J. ; Zhai, Rong G ; Lu, Hui Chen. / NMNATs, evolutionarily conserved neuronal maintenance factors. In: Trends in Neurosciences. 2013 ; Vol. 36, No. 11. pp. 632-640.
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