Ninety-five cases of intestinal transplantation at the University of Miami

Seigo Nishida, David Levi, Tomoaki Kato, Jose R. Nery, Naveen Mittal, Nicholas Hadjis, Juan Madariaga, Andreas G. Tzakis

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115 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intestinal failure requiring total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Intestinal transplantation can be a lifesaving option for patients with intestinal failure who develop serious TPN-related complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate survival, surgical technique, and patient care in patients treated with intestinal transplantation. We reviewed data collected from 95 consecutive intestinal transplants performed between December 1994 and November 2000 at the University of Miami. Fifty-four of the patients undergoing intestinal transplantation were children and 41 were adults. The series includes 49 male and 46 female patients. The causes of intestinal failure included mesenteric venous thrombosis (n = 12), necrotizing enterocolitis (n = 11), gastroschisis (n = 11), midgut volvulus (n = 9), desmoid tumor (n = 8), intestinal atresia (n = 6), trauma (n = 5), Hirschsprung's disease (n = 5), Crohn's disease (n = 5), intestinal pseudoobstruction (n = 4), and others (n = 19). The procedures performed included 27 isolated intestine transplants, 28 combined liver and intestine transplants, and 40 multi-visceral transplants. Since 1998, we have been using daclizumab (Zenepax) for induction of immunosuppression and zoom videoendoscopy for graft surveillance. We began to use intense cytomegalovirus prophylaxis and systemic drainage of the portal vein. The 1-year patient survival rates for isolated intestinal, liver and intestinal, and multivisceral transplantations were 75%, 40%, and 48%, respectively. Since 1998, the 1-year patient and graft survival rates for isolated intestinal transplants have been 84% and 72%, respectively. The causes of death were as follows: sepsis after rejection (n = 14), respiratory failure (n = 8), sepsis (n = 6), multiple organ failure (n = 4), arterial graft infection (n = 3), aspergillosis (n = 2), post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disease (n = 2), intracranial hemorrhage (n = 2), and fungemia, chronic rejection, graft vs. host disease, necrotizing enterocolitis, pancreatitis, pulmonary embolism, and viral encephalitis (n = 1 case of each). Intestinal transplantation can be a lifesaving alternative for patients with intestinal failure. The prognosis after intestinal transplantation is better when it is performed before the onset of liver failure. Rejection monitoring with zoom videoendoscopy and new immunosuppressive therapy with sirolimus, daclizumab, and campath-1H have contributed to the improvement in patient survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-239
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Keywords

  • Intestinal failure
  • Intestinal transplantation
  • Short bowel syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Nishida, S., Levi, D., Kato, T., Nery, J. R., Mittal, N., Hadjis, N., Madariaga, J., & Tzakis, A. G. (2002). Ninety-five cases of intestinal transplantation at the University of Miami. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 6(2), 233-239. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1091-255X(01)00073-7