The mosaic of essential hypertension seems to be gaining new tiles at an accelerating rate. Of the many pathophysiological factors and markers for the factors that can be considered as possible elements of a profiling algorithm, there are relatively few with solid data to support their use. Use of plasma renin activity for prospective profiling does not appear to be valid for individual patients. It remains useful for diagnosis of renal artery stenosis and primary aldosteronism. The black race does have some well-documented pathophysiological differences from the white race regarding hypertension, and there are some useful data bits for selecting specific therapy. The elderly, obese patients, and young patients with hyperdynamic circulation appear to have enough group characteristics to enable selection of drugs more targeted to their needs. Anxious patients who often display symptoms that mimic pheochromocytoma symptoms comprise a unique group. One of the largest groups is patients with hypertension plus one or more concomitant diseases. Finally, drug selection decisions must also consider the effect of drugs on serum lipoproteins, left ventricular hypertrophy and vascular compliance, sexual function and other quality of life issues, and cost.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Issue number||6 SUPPL.|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)