Neurotrophins promote regeneration of sensory axons in the adult rat spinal cord

Martin Oudega, Theo Hagg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

130 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have investigated the effects of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain- derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) on the intraspinal regeneration of anterogradely labeled axotomized ascending primary sensory fibers in the adult rat. These fibers were allowed to grow across a predegenerated peripheral nerve graft and back into the thoracic spinal cord. In control animals that had been infused with vehicle for two weeks into the dorsal column, 3 mm rostral to the nerve graft, essentially no fibers had extended from the nerve graft back into the spinal cord. The number of sensory fibers in the rostral end of the nerve graft was not significantly different between control and neurotrophin-infused animals. With infusion of NGF, 37 ± 2% of the fibers at the rostral end of the graft had grown up to 0.5 mm into the dorsal column white matter, 30 ± 2% up to 1 mm, 19 ± 3% up to 2 mm and 8 ± 2% up to 3 mm, i.e., the infusion site. With infusion of NT-3, sensory fiber outgrowth was similar to that seen with NGF, but with BDNF fewer fibers reached farther distances into the cord. Infusion of a mixture of all three neurotrophins did not increase the number of regenerating sensory fibers above that seen after infusion of the individual neurotrophins. These findings suggest that injured ascending sensory axons are responsive to all three neurotrophins and confirm our previous findings that neurotrophic factors can promote regeneration in the adult central nervous system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-438
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Volume818
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 13 1999

Keywords

  • Axotomy
  • Brain-derived neurotrophic factor
  • Conditioning lesion
  • Nerve growth factor
  • Neurotrophin-3
  • Peripheral nerve graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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