Neurotoxins Distinguish Between Different Neuronal Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Subunit Combinations

Charles W. Luetje, Keiji Wada, Scott Rogers, Stewart N. Abramson, Kuniro Tsuji, Steve Heinemann, Jim Patrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

182 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neuronal and muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit combinations expressed in Xenopus oocytes were tested for sensitivity to various neurotoxins. Extensive blockade of the α3β2 neuronal subunit combination was achieved by 10 nM neuronal bungarotoxin. Partial blockade of the α4β2 neuronal and α1β1γδ muscle subunit combinations was caused by 1,000 nM neuronal bungarotoxin. The α2β2 neuronal subunit combination was insensitive to 1,000 nM neuronal bungarotoxin. Nearly complete blockade of all neuronal subunit combinations resulted from incubation with 2 nM neosurugatoxin, whereas 200 nM neosurugatoxin was required for partial blockade of the α1β1γδ muscle subunit combination. The α2β2 and α3β2 neuronal subunit combinations were partially blocked by 10,000 nM lophotoxin analog-1, whereas complete blockade of the α4β2 neuronal and α1β1γδ muscle subunit combinations resulted from incubation with this concentration of lophotoxin analog-1. The α1β1γδ muscle subunit combination was blocked by the α-conotoxins G1A and M1 at concentrations of 100 nM. All of the neuronal subunit combinations were insensitive to 10,000 nM of both α-conotoxins. Thus, neosurugatoxin and the α-conotoxins distinguish between muscle and neuronal subunit combinations, whereas neuronal bungarotoxin and lophotoxin analog-1 distinguish between different neuronal subunit combinations on the basis of differing α subunits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)632-640
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1990

Keywords

  • α-Conotoxin
  • Lophotoxin
  • Neosurugatoxin
  • Neuronal bungarotoxin
  • Xenopus oocyte

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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