Evaluación neurofisiológica de los niños con neuropatías periféricas

Translated title of the contribution: Neurophysiological evaluation of children with peripheral neuropathy

Oscar Papazian, I. Alfonso, V. F. García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this review is to demostrate the value and limitations of neurophysiological evaluation of children with peripheral neuropathy. Development. The neurophysiological evaluation (NPE) is an extension of the neurologic examination. The NPE has a high diagnostic sensitiviy but lacks etiologic specificity. The NPE includes motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity studies (NCV), needle EMG, somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) and motor evoked potential (MEP). The NCV allows to determine the component of the peripheral nerve fiber involved (axon and/or myelin), type of fibers affected (motor and/or sensory), the location of the lesion (proximal and/or distal) and the pattern of the nerve involvement (segmental or continuos). The EMG allows to determine the presence and degree of denervation and reinervation. Conclusions. The combination of NCV, EMG, SEP and MEP allow: 1. To localize a lesion to the diferent regions of the peripheral nervous system (preganglionic and/or postganglionic segments of dorsal root, ventral root, spinal nerve, plexus and peripheral nerves); 2. To determine severity and prognosis; 3. To select candidates for reconstructive exploratory surgery; and 4. To determine treatment efficacy and/or natural course of the disease.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)254-268
Number of pages15
JournalRevista de Neurologia
Volume35
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 2002

Fingerprint

Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neural Conduction
Motor Evoked Potentials
Somatosensory Evoked Potentials
Spinal Nerve Roots
Peripheral Nerves
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Spinal Nerves
Peripheral Nervous System
Neurologic Examination
Denervation
Myelin Sheath
Nerve Fibers
Needles
Axons

Keywords

  • Electromyogram
  • Nerve conduction velocity
  • Neurophysiological evaluation
  • Peripheral neuropathy in children
  • Somatosensory evoked potentials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Papazian, O., Alfonso, I., & García, V. F. (2002). Evaluación neurofisiológica de los niños con neuropatías periféricas. Revista de Neurologia, 35(3), 254-268.

Evaluación neurofisiológica de los niños con neuropatías periféricas. / Papazian, Oscar; Alfonso, I.; García, V. F.

In: Revista de Neurologia, Vol. 35, No. 3, 01.08.2002, p. 254-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Papazian, O, Alfonso, I & García, VF 2002, 'Evaluación neurofisiológica de los niños con neuropatías periféricas', Revista de Neurologia, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 254-268.
Papazian O, Alfonso I, García VF. Evaluación neurofisiológica de los niños con neuropatías periféricas. Revista de Neurologia. 2002 Aug 1;35(3):254-268.
Papazian, Oscar ; Alfonso, I. ; García, V. F. / Evaluación neurofisiológica de los niños con neuropatías periféricas. In: Revista de Neurologia. 2002 ; Vol. 35, No. 3. pp. 254-268.
@article{5b579dad4eee4eba8b39e2ffe860066a,
title = "Evaluaci{\'o}n neurofisiol{\'o}gica de los ni{\~n}os con neuropat{\'i}as perif{\'e}ricas",
abstract = "Objective. The purpose of this review is to demostrate the value and limitations of neurophysiological evaluation of children with peripheral neuropathy. Development. The neurophysiological evaluation (NPE) is an extension of the neurologic examination. The NPE has a high diagnostic sensitiviy but lacks etiologic specificity. The NPE includes motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity studies (NCV), needle EMG, somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) and motor evoked potential (MEP). The NCV allows to determine the component of the peripheral nerve fiber involved (axon and/or myelin), type of fibers affected (motor and/or sensory), the location of the lesion (proximal and/or distal) and the pattern of the nerve involvement (segmental or continuos). The EMG allows to determine the presence and degree of denervation and reinervation. Conclusions. The combination of NCV, EMG, SEP and MEP allow: 1. To localize a lesion to the diferent regions of the peripheral nervous system (preganglionic and/or postganglionic segments of dorsal root, ventral root, spinal nerve, plexus and peripheral nerves); 2. To determine severity and prognosis; 3. To select candidates for reconstructive exploratory surgery; and 4. To determine treatment efficacy and/or natural course of the disease.",
keywords = "Electromyogram, Nerve conduction velocity, Neurophysiological evaluation, Peripheral neuropathy in children, Somatosensory evoked potentials",
author = "Oscar Papazian and I. Alfonso and Garc{\'i}a, {V. F.}",
year = "2002",
month = "8",
day = "1",
language = "Spanish",
volume = "35",
pages = "254--268",
journal = "Revista de Neurologia",
issn = "0210-0010",
publisher = "Revista de Neurologia",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluación neurofisiológica de los niños con neuropatías periféricas

AU - Papazian, Oscar

AU - Alfonso, I.

AU - García, V. F.

PY - 2002/8/1

Y1 - 2002/8/1

N2 - Objective. The purpose of this review is to demostrate the value and limitations of neurophysiological evaluation of children with peripheral neuropathy. Development. The neurophysiological evaluation (NPE) is an extension of the neurologic examination. The NPE has a high diagnostic sensitiviy but lacks etiologic specificity. The NPE includes motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity studies (NCV), needle EMG, somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) and motor evoked potential (MEP). The NCV allows to determine the component of the peripheral nerve fiber involved (axon and/or myelin), type of fibers affected (motor and/or sensory), the location of the lesion (proximal and/or distal) and the pattern of the nerve involvement (segmental or continuos). The EMG allows to determine the presence and degree of denervation and reinervation. Conclusions. The combination of NCV, EMG, SEP and MEP allow: 1. To localize a lesion to the diferent regions of the peripheral nervous system (preganglionic and/or postganglionic segments of dorsal root, ventral root, spinal nerve, plexus and peripheral nerves); 2. To determine severity and prognosis; 3. To select candidates for reconstructive exploratory surgery; and 4. To determine treatment efficacy and/or natural course of the disease.

AB - Objective. The purpose of this review is to demostrate the value and limitations of neurophysiological evaluation of children with peripheral neuropathy. Development. The neurophysiological evaluation (NPE) is an extension of the neurologic examination. The NPE has a high diagnostic sensitiviy but lacks etiologic specificity. The NPE includes motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity studies (NCV), needle EMG, somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) and motor evoked potential (MEP). The NCV allows to determine the component of the peripheral nerve fiber involved (axon and/or myelin), type of fibers affected (motor and/or sensory), the location of the lesion (proximal and/or distal) and the pattern of the nerve involvement (segmental or continuos). The EMG allows to determine the presence and degree of denervation and reinervation. Conclusions. The combination of NCV, EMG, SEP and MEP allow: 1. To localize a lesion to the diferent regions of the peripheral nervous system (preganglionic and/or postganglionic segments of dorsal root, ventral root, spinal nerve, plexus and peripheral nerves); 2. To determine severity and prognosis; 3. To select candidates for reconstructive exploratory surgery; and 4. To determine treatment efficacy and/or natural course of the disease.

KW - Electromyogram

KW - Nerve conduction velocity

KW - Neurophysiological evaluation

KW - Peripheral neuropathy in children

KW - Somatosensory evoked potentials

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=17944404271&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=17944404271&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 254

EP - 268

JO - Revista de Neurologia

JF - Revista de Neurologia

SN - 0210-0010

IS - 3

ER -