Neurologic findings of craniovertebral junction disease

David Benglis, Allan D. Levi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

IN THIS REVIEW, we explain the origins of central cord syndrome and Bell's cruciate paralysis and the intricate detail of neural pathways located in this region and their influence on motor and sensory function. Although lesion studies and tract tracing studies on primates over the past 50 years refute the theory of a somatotopically organized corticospinal tract, this concept continues to pervade many neuroanatomic texts. We categorized the various pathologies of the craniovertebral junction and their unique neurologic presentations. New developments in the fields of neuroscience of spinal tract lesioning are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)A13-A21
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume66
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

Keywords

  • Bell's cruciate paralysis
  • Central cord syndrome
  • Chiari malformation
  • Craniovertebral junction syndromes
  • Posterior circulation ischemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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