Chronic itch is a multidimensional physical state strongly associated with emotional and cognitive aspects of suffering that causes the urge to scratch. Pathophysiology, psychological stress, and social milieu can influence itch. Here, we review brain neuroimaging research in humans that detects functional and anatomic changes in health and disease states. New data are emerging that are shaping our understanding of itch mechanisms and scratching—the behavioral response as well as the effect of treatments and brain dynamics during itch. Future developments will continue to expand our knowledge of itch mechanisms, allowing translation to clinical assessment and novel therapies focused on the brain, the final relay of itch transmission.
- Kappa opioids
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)