Neurocognitive and psychological correlates of metabolic syndrome in childhood

Anna Maria Patino-Fernandez, Amber Daigre, Alan M. Delamater

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


A considerable amount of research has been conducted in recent years concerning metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. Even though many studies have found that components of the metabolic syndrome cluster in children and adolescents, few have examined the role of psychosocial and neurocognitive factors in risk factor clustering. The purpose of this chapter is to review findings related to psychosocial and neurocognitive functioning in children identified as having metabolic syndrome. Review of the literature indicated that while considerable studies have focused on the definitions, prevalence, and predictors of metabolic syndrome in childhood, there is a dearth of research that has examined neurocognitive and psychological factors among youth with metabolic syndrome. Therefore, the current review addresses these factors within each of the components of the metabolic syndrome. Most of these studies are correlational, with few studies using prospective designs. Future research must address the role of psychological and neurocognitive factors among children and adolescents with metabolic syndrome over time, so that the effects of metabolic syndrome on psychological and neurocognitive functioning can be determined. We first examine studies focusing on neurocognitive correlates in youth who are diagnosed as having high cholesterol or dyslipidemia, being overweight or obese, having high blood pressure, or having insulin resistance. The next section considers the few studies found that examine the relationship of psychological factors and metabolic syndrome, followed by a review of research examining psychological correlates of youth who have high cholesterol or dyslipidemia, are overweight, have high blood pressure, or are insulin resistant. The final section of the chapter provides a summary of the findings and discussion of future research needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Metabolic Syndrome
Subtitle of host publicationComprehensive Clinical Review and Related Health Issues
PublisherSpringer-Verlag London Ltd
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781447123668
ISBN (Print)9781447123651
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012


  • Adolescents
  • Children
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Neurocognitive functioning
  • Psychological functioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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