Neurite outgrowth through lesions of neonatal opossum spinal cord in culture

Z. M. Varga, J. Fernandez, S. Blackshaw, A. R. Martin, K. J. Muller, W. B. Adams, J. G. Nicholls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of these experiments was to analyze neurite outgrowth during regeneration of opossum spinal cord isolated from Monodelphis domestica and maintained in culture for 3-5 days. Lesions were made by crushing with forceps. In isolated spinal cords of animals aged 3 days, neurites entered the crush and grew along the basal lamina of the pia mater. Growth cones with pleiomorphic appearance containing vesicles, mitochondria and microtubules were abundant in the marginal zone, as were synaptoid contacts with active zones facing basal lamina. In preparations from animals aged 11-12 days, the lesion site was disrupted and contained only degenerating axons, debris and vesicles. Axons and growth cones entered the edge of the lesion but did not extend into it. Lesions in young animals extended over distances of more than 1 mm and contained no radial glia. The damaged area in older preparations was restricted to the crush site with normal astrocytes, oligodendrocytes and neurons immediately adjacent to the lesion. Thus, similar crushes produced more extensive damage in younger spinal cords that were capable of regeneration than in older cords that were not. Dorsal root ganglion fibers labeled with carbocyanine dye (DiI) were observed by video imaging as they grew through lesions. Individual growth cones examined subsequently by electron microscopy had grown again along pial basal lamina. After 5 days in culture dorsal root stimulation gave rise to discharges in ventral roots beyond the lesion indicating that synaptic connections were formed by growing fibers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)600-612
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Volume366
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 18 1996

Keywords

  • development
  • electron microscopy
  • regeneration
  • sprouting
  • video microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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