Neural basis of self and other representation in autism: An fMRI study of self-face recognition

Lucina Q. Uddin, Mari S. Davies, Ashley A. Scott, Eran Zaidel, Susan Y. Bookheimer, Marco Iacoboni, Mirella Dapretto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by decreased interest and engagement in social interactions and by enhanced self-focus. While previous theoretical approaches to understanding autism have emphasized social impairments and altered interpersonal interactions, there is a recent shift towards understanding the nature of the representation of the self in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Still, the neural mechanisms subserving self-representations in ASD are relatively unexplored. Methodology/Principal Findings: We used event-related fMRI to investigate brain responsiveness to images of the subjects' own face and to faces of others. Children with ASD and typically developing (TD) children viewed randomly presented digital morphs between their own face and a gender-matched other face, and made "self/other" judgments. Both groups of children activated a right premotor/prefrontal system when identifying images containing a greater percentage of the self face. However, while TD children showed activation of this system during both self- and other-processing, children with ASD only recruited this system while viewing images containing mostly their own face. Conclusions/Significance: This functional dissociation between the representation of self versus others points to a potential neural substrate for the characteristic self-focus and decreased social understanding exhibited by these individuals, and suggests that individuals with ASD lack the shared neural representations for self and others that TD children and adults possess and may use to understand others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere3526
JournalPloS one
Volume3
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 29 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Uddin, L. Q., Davies, M. S., Scott, A. A., Zaidel, E., Bookheimer, S. Y., Iacoboni, M., & Dapretto, M. (2008). Neural basis of self and other representation in autism: An fMRI study of self-face recognition. PloS one, 3(10), [e3526]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0003526