Network for Pancreatic Organ Donors with Diabetes (nPOD): Developing a tissue biobank for type 1 diabetes

Martha Campbell-Thompson, Clive Wasserfall, John Kaddis, Anastasia Albanese-O'Neill, Teodora Staeva, Concepcion Nierras, Jayne Moraski, Patrick Rowe, Roberto Gianani, George Eisenbarth, James Crawford, Desmond Schatz, Alberto Pugliese, Mark Atkinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Scopus citations


Background: The Network for Pancreatic Organ Donors with Diabetes (nPOD) was established to recover and characterize pancreata and related organs from cadaveric organ donors with various risk levels for type 1 diabetes (T1D). These biospecimens are available to investigators for collaborative studies aimed at addressing questions related to T1D natural history and pathogenesis. Research design and methods: Organ donors included T1D patients (new onset to long term), non-diabetic autoantibody-positive subjects, non-diabetic controls and individuals with disorders relevant to β-cell function. Pancreas recovery and transport met transplant-grade criteria. Additional samples recovered included serum, whole blood, spleen and pancreatic and non-pancreatic lymph nodes. Biospecimens were processed for cryopreserved cells, fixed paraffin and fresh frozen blocks and snap frozen samples. T1D autoantibodies, C-peptide levels and high-resolution HLA genotyping for risk alleles were also determined. Results: Over 160 donors have been enrolled (ages of 1day to >90years). Standard operating procedures were established along with a quality management system. Donor demographics, laboratory assays and histopathological characterizations were shared through an open online informatics system. Biospecimens were distributed to more than 60 investigators. Conclusions: The nPOD programme provides access to high quality biospecimens without cost to investigators. Collaborations and open data sharing are emphasized to maximize research potential of each donor. On the basis of initial successes, the nPOD programme is expanding to recover additional organs relevant to T1D pathogenesis and complications from European countries (PanFin network).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)608-617
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 2012


  • β-cell
  • Autoantibodies
  • HLA
  • Type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine


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