Net community production in dissolved organic carbon

Dennis A Hansell, Craig A. Carlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

201 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Each year large amounts of carbon, with a residence time of months, accumulate in the surface layer of the ocean as semilabile dissolved organic carbon (DOC). This material is transported long distances, contributing to the interhemispheric transfer and deep ocean export of carbon. The fraction of net community production resulting in the accumulation of semilabile DOC is estimated here by mass balance during periods of net phytoplankton production in three diverse environments: the Ross Sea polynya, the Equatorial Pacific Ocean, and the Sargasso Sea. In the eutrophic systems of the Ross Sea and the Equatorial Pacific, net DOC production generally fell between 10 and 20% of net community production. For the 1995 spring bloom in the Sargasso Sea, net DOC production was 59-7-% of the net community production. Net DOC production was maximal during the period of deep convective overturn of the water column, indicating linkage between the processes. Folowing the Sargasso Sea spring bloom and into the summer period, net DOC production was nil over the upper 250 m so that net DOC production was reduced to ~8% of net community production on a seasonal timescale. Consideration of the various types of production regimes in the ocean indicates that the global net producxtion ofsemilabile DOC is ~17% of global new production. Regions of the world's oceans with the greatest contributions to global net community production, such as equatorial and coastal upwelling areas, contribute most to the global production of semilabile DOC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-453
Number of pages11
JournalGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles
Volume12
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Organic carbon
dissolved organic carbon
ocean
algal bloom
polynya
overturn
carbon
Carbon
residence time
surface layer
mass balance
upwelling
water column
Phytoplankton
phytoplankton
sea
timescale
summer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Net community production in dissolved organic carbon. / Hansell, Dennis A; Carlson, Craig A.

In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1998, p. 443-453.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hansell, Dennis A ; Carlson, Craig A. / Net community production in dissolved organic carbon. In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 1998 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 443-453.
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