Neoplasms of the Cranial Nerves

Nicholas C. Ferraro, Michael E. Ivan, Ricardo J Komotar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Schwannomas, optic pathway gliomas (OPGs), and primary central nervous system lymphomas are the three main types of tumors that affect the cranial nerves. Schwannomas are the most common and they affect the vestibular nerve most often. They have characteristic findings on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared to meningiomas. Gliomas of the cranial nerves are far less common; however, gliomas of the optic nerve/chiasm (OPGs) have a higher incidence and are associated with neurofibromatosis type 1. MRI with gadolinium will demonstrate enhancement of the involved segment of the nerve. Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is typically a disease associated with immunocompromised patients. These tumors rarely involve a single cranial nerve without extension from the parenchyma, though PCNSL of the cranial nerves alone have been reported. This tumor is best imaged using MRI and newer imaging modalities such as MR single-photon-emission CT and [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography scans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages503-517
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780128011683
ISBN (Print)9780128009451
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 12 2016

Keywords

  • Acoustic
  • Cranial nerve
  • Glioma
  • Imaging
  • Neuroma
  • PCNSL
  • Schwannoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Ferraro, N. C., Ivan, M. E., & Komotar, R. J. (2016). Neoplasms of the Cranial Nerves. In Handbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging: Second Edition (pp. 503-517). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800945-1.00043-4