Neoplasms of the Cranial Nerves

Nicholas C. Ferraro, Michael E. Ivan, Ricardo J Komotar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Schwannomas, optic pathway gliomas (OPGs), and primary central nervous system lymphomas are the three main types of tumors that affect the cranial nerves. Schwannomas are the most common and they affect the vestibular nerve most often. They have characteristic findings on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared to meningiomas. Gliomas of the cranial nerves are far less common; however, gliomas of the optic nerve/chiasm (OPGs) have a higher incidence and are associated with neurofibromatosis type 1. MRI with gadolinium will demonstrate enhancement of the involved segment of the nerve. Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is typically a disease associated with immunocompromised patients. These tumors rarely involve a single cranial nerve without extension from the parenchyma, though PCNSL of the cranial nerves alone have been reported. This tumor is best imaged using MRI and newer imaging modalities such as MR single-photon-emission CT and [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography scans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages503-517
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780128011683
ISBN (Print)9780128009451
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 12 2016

Fingerprint

Cranial Nerve Neoplasms
Cranial Nerves
Optic Nerve Glioma
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Lymphoma
Central Nervous System
Neurilemmoma
Glioma
Vestibular Nerve
Optic Chiasm
Neoplasms
Neurofibromatosis 1
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Gadolinium
Immunocompromised Host
Meningioma
Single-Photon Emission-Computed Tomography
Positron-Emission Tomography
Tomography
Incidence

Keywords

  • Acoustic
  • Cranial nerve
  • Glioma
  • Imaging
  • Neuroma
  • PCNSL
  • Schwannoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ferraro, N. C., Ivan, M. E., & Komotar, R. J. (2016). Neoplasms of the Cranial Nerves. In Handbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging: Second Edition (pp. 503-517). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800945-1.00043-4

Neoplasms of the Cranial Nerves. / Ferraro, Nicholas C.; Ivan, Michael E.; Komotar, Ricardo J.

Handbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2016. p. 503-517.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Ferraro, NC, Ivan, ME & Komotar, RJ 2016, Neoplasms of the Cranial Nerves. in Handbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., pp. 503-517. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800945-1.00043-4
Ferraro NC, Ivan ME, Komotar RJ. Neoplasms of the Cranial Nerves. In Handbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc. 2016. p. 503-517 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800945-1.00043-4
Ferraro, Nicholas C. ; Ivan, Michael E. ; Komotar, Ricardo J. / Neoplasms of the Cranial Nerves. Handbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2016. pp. 503-517
@inbook{be178e5621894d16bfce1987ff2397ca,
title = "Neoplasms of the Cranial Nerves",
abstract = "Schwannomas, optic pathway gliomas (OPGs), and primary central nervous system lymphomas are the three main types of tumors that affect the cranial nerves. Schwannomas are the most common and they affect the vestibular nerve most often. They have characteristic findings on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared to meningiomas. Gliomas of the cranial nerves are far less common; however, gliomas of the optic nerve/chiasm (OPGs) have a higher incidence and are associated with neurofibromatosis type 1. MRI with gadolinium will demonstrate enhancement of the involved segment of the nerve. Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is typically a disease associated with immunocompromised patients. These tumors rarely involve a single cranial nerve without extension from the parenchyma, though PCNSL of the cranial nerves alone have been reported. This tumor is best imaged using MRI and newer imaging modalities such as MR single-photon-emission CT and [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography scans.",
keywords = "Acoustic, Cranial nerve, Glioma, Imaging, Neuroma, PCNSL, Schwannoma",
author = "Ferraro, {Nicholas C.} and Ivan, {Michael E.} and Komotar, {Ricardo J}",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-12-800945-1.00043-4",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780128009451",
pages = "503--517",
booktitle = "Handbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging: Second Edition",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Neoplasms of the Cranial Nerves

AU - Ferraro, Nicholas C.

AU - Ivan, Michael E.

AU - Komotar, Ricardo J

PY - 2016/4/12

Y1 - 2016/4/12

N2 - Schwannomas, optic pathway gliomas (OPGs), and primary central nervous system lymphomas are the three main types of tumors that affect the cranial nerves. Schwannomas are the most common and they affect the vestibular nerve most often. They have characteristic findings on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared to meningiomas. Gliomas of the cranial nerves are far less common; however, gliomas of the optic nerve/chiasm (OPGs) have a higher incidence and are associated with neurofibromatosis type 1. MRI with gadolinium will demonstrate enhancement of the involved segment of the nerve. Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is typically a disease associated with immunocompromised patients. These tumors rarely involve a single cranial nerve without extension from the parenchyma, though PCNSL of the cranial nerves alone have been reported. This tumor is best imaged using MRI and newer imaging modalities such as MR single-photon-emission CT and [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography scans.

AB - Schwannomas, optic pathway gliomas (OPGs), and primary central nervous system lymphomas are the three main types of tumors that affect the cranial nerves. Schwannomas are the most common and they affect the vestibular nerve most often. They have characteristic findings on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compared to meningiomas. Gliomas of the cranial nerves are far less common; however, gliomas of the optic nerve/chiasm (OPGs) have a higher incidence and are associated with neurofibromatosis type 1. MRI with gadolinium will demonstrate enhancement of the involved segment of the nerve. Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is typically a disease associated with immunocompromised patients. These tumors rarely involve a single cranial nerve without extension from the parenchyma, though PCNSL of the cranial nerves alone have been reported. This tumor is best imaged using MRI and newer imaging modalities such as MR single-photon-emission CT and [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography scans.

KW - Acoustic

KW - Cranial nerve

KW - Glioma

KW - Imaging

KW - Neuroma

KW - PCNSL

KW - Schwannoma

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84978335162&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84978335162&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-12-800945-1.00043-4

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-12-800945-1.00043-4

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780128009451

SP - 503

EP - 517

BT - Handbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging: Second Edition

PB - Elsevier Inc.

ER -