Neonatal screening with auditory brainstem responses: Results of follow-up audiometry and risk factor evaluation

Shahnaz Duara, Charles M. Suter, Kimberley K. Bessard, Ronald L. Gutberlet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine the incidence and outcome of neurosensory hearing loss in infants, without selection bias, volunteers screened all infants from intensive care and well-baby nurseries of a tertiary care center for risk factors over 1 year; Infants with sufficient risk factors were screened for auditory brainstem evoked response. Infants with abnormal findings received audiometric followup. Results of a 1-year follow-up study are reported. Risk factor evaluation revealed a 17% incidence of neurosensory hearing loss in a subgroup of infants with multiple risks such as birth weight<1500 gm, with perinatal asphyxia, subsequent hypoxemia, and hospital stay>2 months. All infants with permanent hearing loss were assigned to this category. Our results suggest that this population is at greatest risk for early hearing impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)276-281
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of Pediatrics
Volume108
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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