Fetal to neonatal transition after birth is a complex, well-coordinated process involving multiple organ systems. Any significant derangement in this process increases the risk of death and other adverse outcomes, underlying the importance of continuous monitoring to promptly detect and correct these derangements by effective resuscitative support. In recent years, there has been increasing efforts to move from subjective and discontinuous monitoring to more objective and continuous monitoring of different physiological parameters. Some of them like pulse oximetry for arterial oxygen saturation and electrocardiography for heart rate monitoring are now part of resuscitation guidelines whereas others like respiratory function monitoring, near infrared spectroscopy, or amplitude integrated electroencephalography are being evaluated. In this review, we describe some of the physiological parameters that can be monitored during delivery room emergencies and review the evidence for some of the monitoring technologies currently being evaluated.
- Delivery room
- Respiratory function monitor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health