Negative life events, social support, and depression in three personality types

R. C. McMahon, L. L. Schram, R. S. Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The main purpose of this study was to test hypotheses relating to direct effects models of life stress and social support, and the stress-buffering effects model of social support, in relation to depression within dependent, detached ambivalent, and independent personality groups. A secondary purpose was to determine if there were theoretically predicted differences among these three personality groups in level of depression. Results of this investigation revealed that detached/ambivalent personalities, in this mixed inpatient sample, were significantly more likely to report clinically relevant depression than dependent and independent personalities. Both detached/ambivalent and dependent personality types reported higher levels of depression under conditions of high stress than low stress. No evidence was found to support predictions relating to directly beneficial effects, or to beneficial stress-buffering effects, of social support in relation to depression in the dependent personality group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-254
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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