Patients with primary immunodeficiency disorders were evaluated for three aspects of natural defense: natural killer (NK) cells which lyse HSV-infected fibroblasts [NK(HSV-FS)], NK cells which lyse K562 tumor targets [NK(K562)], and interferon-α generation. In addition, capacity to make interferon upon challenge with other commonly used inducers was also evaluated. Most patients with severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) and deficits of both T- and B-cell function demonstrated normal NK function with one or both targets. Six of eight SCID patients generated interferon-α at or below the lower limit of normal while only two made clearly normal levels. Six of 10 patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) had normal NK(K562) and five of 10 generated normal levels of interferon-α but all had severely deficient NK(HSV-FS). Patients with Bruton's agammaglobulinemia demonstrated normal NK and interferon generation, as did patients with common variable immunodeficiency, even when subdivided into patients with T-cell proliferative deficiencies and those with only hypogammaglobulinemia. Natural defense parameters may help categorize patients with SCID and WAS and help define these heterogeneous diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine