Nationwide analysis on the impact of peripheral vascular disease following primary total knee arthroplasty: A matched-control analysis

Spencer Summers, Ramakanth Yakkanti, Sagie Haziza, Rushabh Vakharia, Martin W. Roche, Victor H. Hernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: As the prevalence of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) continues to increase nationwide, studies demonstrating its effects following primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are limited. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate whether patients with PVD have higher rates of: 1) in-hospital lengths of stay (LOS); 2) readmissions; 3) medical complications; 4) implant-related complications; and 5) costs of care. Methods: Using a nationwide database, patients with PVD undergoing primary TKA were identified and matched to controls in a 1:5 ratio by age, sex, and medical comorbidities. The query yielded 1,547,092 between the cohorts. Outcomes analyzed included: in-hospital LOS, readmission rates, complications, and costs of care. A p-value less than 0.004 was considered statistically significant. Results: PVD patients had significantly longer in-hospital LOS (4-days vs. 3-days, p < 0.0001). Additionally, the study cohort had a higher incidence and odds (OR) of readmissions (20.5 vs. 15.2%; OR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.42–1.45, p < 0.0001), medical complications (2.46 vs. 1.32%; OR: 1.88, CI: 1.83–1.94, p < 0.0001), and implant-related complications (3.82 vs. 2.18%; OR: 1.78, CI: 1.26–1.58, p < 0.0001). Additionally, the study found patients with PVD had higher day of surgery (p < 0.0001) and 90-day costs of care (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: After adjusting for confounding variables the results of the study show patients with PVD undergoing primary TKA have longer in-hospital LOS; in addition to higher rates of complications, readmissions, and costs of care. The study can be utilized by orthopaedists to adequately counsel patients of the potential complications following their procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-163
Number of pages6
JournalKnee
Volume31
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Complications
  • Costs
  • Medicare
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Total knee arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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