National cancer information system within the framework of health insurance in Colombia: A Real-world data approach to evaluate access to cancer care

Juliana Alexandra Hernandez Vargas, Paula Ximena Ramirez Barbosa, Ana Maria Valbuena-Garcia, Lizbeth Alexandra Acuña-Merchan, Jaime A. Gonzalez-Diaz, Gilberto Lopes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE The National Cancer Information System (NCIS) has been operating since 2014, including information reported by health care insurers and providers on people with cancer diagnosed and treated within the Colombian health system. Its main purpose is to identify barriers to an effective access to cancer diagnosis and treatment across the country. We aimed to describe the methodology, scope and results in terms of access to health services with real-world data provided by the NCIS. METHODS Reporting of all cases of cancer by insurers and providers is mandatory by law. Data gathered include demographic and clinical information about new and old cases of cancer who receive health services. Over the years, the reporting process has been automated and it is currently performed in real time. Data quality is ensured through a standardized data-monitoring process. Access to health services is monitored by quality measures defined by consensus. RESULTS Since 2015, prevalent cases of invasive cancer have increased from 163,776 to 331,021 in 2020 (increment of 102.12%). Regarding quality measures, the proportion of people staged at diagnosis has increased over the years, especially in breast cancer. Meanwhile, early diagnosis is still concerning for breast and prostate cancer. Time to diagnosis and treatment have not consistently reached the expected goals in breast, cervical, and prostate cancer, whereas they have shown a better level of compliance for stomach and colon and rectum tumors, still not reaching the highest performance. CONCLUSION The real-world information approach provided by the NCIS may be complementary for cancer control planning in Colombia, emphasizing better management processes of health insurers and providers by identifying barriers for timely access to health care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1329-1340
Number of pages12
JournalJCO Global Oncology
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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