Nanotechnology inspired tools for mitochondrial dysfunction related diseases

Ru Wen, Bhabatosh Banik, Rakesh K. Pathak, Anil Kumar, Nagesh Kolishetti, Shanta Dhar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitochondrial dysfunctions are recognized as major factors for various diseases including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, neurological disorders, and a group of diseases so called "mitochondrial dysfunction related diseases". One of the major hurdles to gain therapeutic efficiency in diseases where the targets are located in the mitochondria is the accessibility of the targets in this compartmentalized organelle that imposes barriers toward internalization of ions and molecules. Over the time, different tools and techniques were developed to improve therapeutic index for mitochondria acting drugs. Nanotechnology has unfolded as one of the logical and encouraging tools for delivery of therapeutics in controlled and targeted manner simultaneously reducing side effects from drug overdose. Tailor-made nanomedicine based therapeutics can be an excellent tool in the toolbox for diseases associated with mitochondrial dysfunctions. In this review, we present an extensive coverage of possible therapeutic targets in different compartments of mitochondria for cancer, cardiovascular, and mitochondrial dysfunction related diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-69
Number of pages18
JournalAdvanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Volume99
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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