Hypertrophied right ventricle presents a sensitive state that may not be adequately protected by modern cardioplegic methods. Cardiac metabolism, performance, and ultrastructure were measured in response to 1 hour of cardioplegic arrest in 15 pigs with right ventricular hypertrophy using intermittent hypothermic crystalloid, blood, and Fluosol DA 20%-based cardioplegia. Reperfusion time was 1 hour. One hour after a 60-minute cross-clamp period, there were no differences in light microscopy. Total energy stores increased in 4 of 5 animals given blood cardioplegia compared with 1 of 5 for each of the other groups. Cardiac performance data also showed better results for animals treated with blood cardioplegia. After 30 minutes of reperfusion, animals receiving blood cardioplegia recovered 131% ± 42% of preoperative systolic performance compared with 106% ± 49% for Fluosol-treated animals and only 82% ± 27% recovery for the crystalloid-treated group. After 60 minutes of reperfusion, the blood group showed 119% ± 20% recovery compared with 89% ± 23% and 85% ± 50% recovery for Fluosol- and crystalloid-treated hearts, respectively. In conclusion, blood cardioplegia provided better protection than did crystalloid or Fluosol DA 20% cardioplegia when animals with right ventricular hypertrophy underwent 1 hour of cardioplegic arrest. It may have repaired damaged myocardium, leaving better hearts after cross-clamping than before.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine