Study Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between perioperative ischemia and serial concentrations of D-dimer, which is a sensitive and specific marker of fibrinolytic activity. Myocardial ischemia and infarction are well-recognized complications of peripheral vascular surgery. We hypothesized that patients at increased risk of perioperative myocardial ischemia might be identified preoperatively by abnormal hemostatic indices.Design: Prospective clinical outcomes study.Setting: A 1,124-bed tertiary care medical center.Patients: 42 ASA physical status II, III, and IV patients undergoing peripheral vascular surgery.Interventions: Serial D-dimer concentrations were measured preoperatively, and at 24 and 72 hours postoperatively. Continuous 12-lead ST-segment monitoring (Mortara Instrument, Inc., Milwaukee, WI) was performed with the acquisition of a 12-lead ECG every 20 seconds for 72 hours.Measurements and Main Results: D-dimer measurements were performed in duplicate using the Dimer Gold assay (American Diagnostica, Greenwich CT). Ischemic episodes, as defined by continuous 12-lead ST-segment monitoring, occurred in 49% of patients. There were no demographic differences between ischemic and nonischemic groups. Although baseline D-dimer concentrations were not statistically significantly different between groups, patients experiencing perioperative myocardial ischemia generated significantly less D-dimer during the perioperative period (p = 0.014).Conclusions: Patients with an impaired fibrinolytic response, as defined by reduced generation of D-dimer, experienced an increased incidence of perioperative myocardial ischemia. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine