Mutations in SLC25A46, encoding a UGO1-like protein, cause an optic atrophy spectrum disorder

Alexander J. Abrams, Robert B. Hufnagel, Adriana Rebelo, Claudia Zanna, Neville Patel, Michael A. Gonzalez, Ion J. Campeanu, Laurie B. Griffin, Saskia Groenewald, Alleene V. Strickland, Feifei Tao, Fiorella Speziani, Lisa Abreu, Rebecca Schüle, Leonardo Caporali, Chiara La Morgia, Alessandra Maresca, Rocco Liguori, Raffaele Lodi, Zubair M. AhmedKristen L. Sund, Xinjian Wang, Laura A. Krueger, Yanyan Peng, Carlos E. Prada, Cynthia A. Prows, Elizabeth K. Schorry, Anthony Antonellis, Holly H. Zimmerman, Omar A. Abdul-Rahman, Yaping Yang, Susan M. Downes, Jeffery Prince, Flavia Fontanesi, Antonio Barrientos, Andrea H. Németh, Valerio Carelli, Taosheng Huang, Stephan Zuchner, Julia E. Dallman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

118 Scopus citations


Dominant optic atrophy (DOA) and axonal peripheral neuropathy (Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2, or CMT2) are hereditary neurodegenerative disorders most commonly caused by mutations in the canonical mitochondrial fusion genes OPA1 and MFN2, respectively. In yeast, homologs of OPA1 (Mgm1) and MFN2 (Fzo1) work in concert with Ugo1, for which no human equivalent has been identified thus far. By whole-exome sequencing of patients with optic atrophy and CMT2, we identified four families with recessive mutations in SLC25A46. We demonstrate that SLC25A46, like Ugo1, is a modified carrier protein that has been recruited to the outer mitochondrial membrane and interacts with the inner membrane remodeling protein mitofilin (Fcj1). Loss of function in cultured cells and in zebrafish unexpectedly leads to increased mitochondrial connectivity, while severely affecting the development and maintenance of neurons in the fish. The discovery of SLC25A46 strengthens the genetic overlap between optic atrophy and CMT2 while exemplifying a new class of modified solute transporters linked to mitochondrial dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)926-932
Number of pages7
JournalNature genetics
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 30 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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