Mutations in hemG mediate resistance to salicylidene acylhydrazides, demonstrating a novel link between protoporphyrinogen oxidase (hemG) and chlamydia trachomatis infectivity

Patrik Engström, Bidong D. Nguyen, Johan Normark, Ingela Nilsson, Robert J. Bastidas, Åsa Gylfe, Mikael Elofsson, Kenneth A. Fields, Raphael H. Valdivia, Hans Wolf-Watz, Sven Bergström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Salicylidene acylhydrazides (SAHs) inhibit the type III secretion system (T3S) of Yersinia and other Gram-negative bacteria. In addition, SAHs restrict the growth and development of Chlamydia species. However, since the inhibition of Chlamydia growth by SAH is suppressed by the addition of excess iron and since SAHs have an iron-chelating capacity, their role as specific T3S inhibitors is unclear. We investigated here whether SAHs exhibit a function on C. trachomatis that goes beyond iron chelation. We found that the iron-saturated SAH INP0341 (IS-INP0341) specifically affects C. trachomatis infectivity with reduced generation of infectious elementary body (EB) progeny. Selection and isolation of spontaneous SAH-resistant mutant strains revealed that mutations in hemG suppressed the reduced infectivity caused by IS-INP0341 treatment. Structural modeling of C. trachomatis HemG predicts that the acquired mutations are located in the active site of the enzyme, suggesting that IS-INP0341 inhibits this domain of HemG and that protoporphyrinogen oxidase (HemG) and heme metabolism are important for C. trachomatis infectivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4221-4230
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Volume195
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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    Engström, P., Nguyen, B. D., Normark, J., Nilsson, I., Bastidas, R. J., Gylfe, Å., Elofsson, M., Fields, K. A., Valdivia, R. H., Wolf-Watz, H., & Bergström, S. (2013). Mutations in hemG mediate resistance to salicylidene acylhydrazides, demonstrating a novel link between protoporphyrinogen oxidase (hemG) and chlamydia trachomatis infectivity. Journal of bacteriology, 195(18), 4221-4230. https://doi.org/10.1128/JB.00506-13