Mutation of Nogo-B receptor, a subunit of cis-prenyltransferase, causes a congenital disorder of glycosylation

Eon Joo Park, Kariona A. Grabińska, Ziqiang Guan, Viktor Stránecký, Hana Hartmannová, Kateřina Hodaňová, Veronika Barešová, Jana Sovová, Levente Jozsef, Nina Ondrušková, Hana Hansíková, Tomáš Honzík, Jiří Zeman, Helena Hůlková, Rong Wen, Stanislav Kmoch, William C. Sessa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary Dolichol is an obligate carrier of glycans for N-linked protein glycosylation, O-mannosylation, and GPI anchor biosynthesis. cis-prenyltransferase (cis-PTase) is the first enzyme committed to the synthesis of dolichol. However, the proteins responsible for mammalian cis-PTase activity have not been delineated. Here we show that Nogo-B receptor (NgBR) is a subunit required for dolichol synthesis in yeast, mice, and man. Moreover, we describe a family with a congenital disorder of glycosylation caused by a loss of function mutation in the conserved C terminus of NgBR-R290H and show that fibroblasts isolated from patients exhibit reduced dolichol profiles and enhanced accumulation of free cholesterol identically to fibroblasts from mice lacking NgBR. Mutation of NgBR-R290H in man and orthologs in yeast proves the importance of this evolutionarily conserved residue for mammalian cis-PTase activity and function. Thus, these data provide a genetic basis for the essential role of NgBR in dolichol synthesis and protein glycosylation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)448-457
Number of pages10
JournalCell Metabolism
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Park, E. J., Grabińska, K. A., Guan, Z., Stránecký, V., Hartmannová, H., Hodaňová, K., Barešová, V., Sovová, J., Jozsef, L., Ondrušková, N., Hansíková, H., Honzík, T., Zeman, J., Hůlková, H., Wen, R., Kmoch, S., & Sessa, W. C. (2014). Mutation of Nogo-B receptor, a subunit of cis-prenyltransferase, causes a congenital disorder of glycosylation. Cell Metabolism, 20(3), 448-457. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmet.2014.06.016