Murine model of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome: col5a1 haploinsufficiency disrupts collagen fibril assembly at multiple stages

Richard J. Wenstrup, Jane B. Florer, Jeffrey M. Davidson, Charlotte L. Phillips, Brent J. Pfeiffer, Diana W. Menezes, Inna Chervoneva, David E. Birk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

The most commonly identified mutations causing Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) classic type result in haploinsufficiency of proα1(V) chains of type V collagen, a quantitatively minor collagen that co-assembles with type I collagen as heterotypic fibrils. To determine the role(s) of type I/V collagen interactions in fibrillogenesis and elucidate the mechanism whereby half-reduction of type V collagen causes abnormal connective tissue biogenesis observed in EDS, we analyzed mice heterozygous for a targeted inactivating mutation in col5a1 that caused 50% reduction in col5a1 mRNA and collagen V. Comparable with EDS patients, they had decreased aortic stiffness and tensile strength and hyperextensible skin with decreased tensile strength of both normal and wounded skin. In dermis, 50% fewer fibrils were assembled with two subpopulations: relatively normal fibrils with periodic immunoreactivity for collagen V where type I/V interactions regulate nucleation of fibril assembly and abnormal fibrils, lacking collagen V, generated by unregulated sequestration of type I collagen. The presence of the aberrant fibril subpopulation disrupts the normal linear and lateral growth mediated by fibril fusion. Therefore, abnormal fibril nucleation and dysfunctional fibril growth with potential disruption of cell-directed fibril organization leads to the connective tissue dysfunction associated with EDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12888-12895
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume281
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - May 5 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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