Multiple hemostatic abnormalities in young adults with activated protein C resistance and cerebral ischemia

Seemant Chaturvedi, Jeffery Dzieczkowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The relationship between activated protein C resistance (APCR) and arterial stroke is uncertain. It has been speculated that multiple inherited or acquired prothrombotic conditions may alter the hemostatic balance towards thrombotic events. Methods: Case series from a University medical center. Results: In a series of 28 Caucasian patients under age 55 with cerebral ischemic events, nine were found to have activated protein C resistance. Five of nine patients (56%) had additional hematologic abnormalities. Four patients had elevated anticardiolipin IgG antibodies. Other abnormalities identified included Type I protein S deficiency, sticky platelet syndrome, and a positive lupus anticoagulant. Conclusions: Activated protein C resistance is relatively common in young adults with cerebral ischemic events and may be accompanied by other hematologic abnormalities. The constellation of hemostatic abnormalities may impact the type of and intensity of the antithrombotic regimen. There are also implications for family members of affected patients. Finding evidence of APCR should not preclude a complete hemostatic evaluation in the young stroke patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-212
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume159
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 14 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Activated protein C resistance
  • Anticardiolipin antibodies
  • Cerebral
  • Cerebral infarction
  • Factor V Leiden
  • Hypercoagulability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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