Multilevel three-dimensional nanomagnetic recording

N. Amos, R. Ikkawi, A. Krichevsky, R. Fernandez, E. Stefanescu, I. Dumer, D. Litvino, S. Khizroev

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The paper outlines a review of multilevel (ML) and three-dimensional (3D) magnetic recording - a nanomagnetic recording technology suitable for information storage densities above 100 terabit/in2. To comply with the multilevel signal configuration, ML magnetic recording exploits a 3D head/media system powered with next-generation data coding methods. It is believed that combined with novel information processing techniques, relatively cost-effective ML systems could be scaled down to a single-grain spin level thus enabling memory with effective areal densities above 100 Terabit/in2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-268
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • 3-D magnetic recording
  • Multi-level recording
  • Nanoscale recording

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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