Multidisciplinary approach to HIV/AIDS: Historical perspective

Clyde B McCoy, A. Jeanene Bengoa, Duane C. McBride, Brian T. Foley, Shikha Puri, Alejandro J. Mendez, Paul Shapshak

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

It is probable that humans were first infected with HIV in the Kinshasa region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the 1950s and yet many decades later we are still studying and discovering how best to control what has become a global epidemic. One of the epicenters of the disease was in Miami when people with symptoms that were inexplicable in their particular populations became of interest to clinicians and scientists. This was occurring in other major cities, which also became the epicenters for this strange and destructive disease. This chapter highlights the history of one local region of the United States, Miami-Dade County, Florida and exemplifies the global problem. This chapter will indicate how local teams of scientists were called into action to address the impending epidemic. This is an example of how modern science can mobilize scientific teams that discover the origins and consequences of a highly complex disease. Eventually from that, scientific and medical foundations began to develop interventions for the control of HIV/AIDS and its related consequences. Recounting the beginnings of the research locally demonstrates significantly the importance of multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches. The organizations responsible globally, nationally, and locally investigated many aspects of the populations that were afflicted with this communicable disease. Laboratory analysis proceeded in concert with the multiple strategies from clinics to neighborhood street outreach workers and then back into the laboratories. What happened in the city of Miami, and specifically at the University of Miami, is a story of how remarkable scientific endeavors can be and account for the effectiveness of science in the modern world. It also demonstrates how the scientific approach moves from the local to the national and then global level as its findings are disseminated to ensure verifiable evidence that is generalizable to global populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGlobal Virology II - HIV and NeuroAIDS
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages1-20
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781493972906
ISBN (Print)9781493972883
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Drug abuse
  • Epidemiology
  • Historical perspective
  • HIV/AIDS
  • IDU
  • Multidisciplinary
  • NIDA
  • Risk activity
  • Sex
  • Transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

McCoy, C. B., Jeanene Bengoa, A., McBride, D. C., Foley, B. T., Puri, S., Mendez, A. J., & Shapshak, P. (2017). Multidisciplinary approach to HIV/AIDS: Historical perspective. In Global Virology II - HIV and NeuroAIDS (pp. 1-20). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-7290-6_1