Multidimensional Acculturation, Acculturative Stress and Alcohol or Drug Use of Adult Latinx Immigrants

Brian E. McCabe, Harley Stenzel, Qing Li, Richard C. Cervantes, Rosa M. Gonzalez-Guarda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Few studies have used a multidimensional acculturation framework, i.e., cultural practices, identity, and values, to investigate links with alcohol or drug use of Latinx immigrants to the U.S. This cross-sectional study tested links between measures of acculturation (language-based Hispanicism and Americanism, cultural identity, familism), acculturative stress, and alcohol or drug use, controlling for age and gender. 391 adult (18–44 years old) Latinx immigrants (69% women) completed measures on past 6-month behavior in Spanish or English. Results showed that Americanism was related to alcohol use severity, heavy episodic drinking, drug use severity, and any drug use. Acculturative stress was related to alcohol use severity, drug use severity, and any drug use, but not heavy episodic drinking. Familism was inversely related to drug use severity and any drug use, but not alcohol use severity or heavy episodic drinking. Cultural identity and Hispanicism were not related to alcohol or drug use. Consistent with previous research, a language-based measure of acculturation to the U.S. (Americanism) and acculturative stress were related to alcohol and drug use. Incremental validity of a multidimensional acculturation approach was limited. Intervention adaptations for Latinx immigrants should address stress reduction and mitigating adoption of receiving cultural practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of psychoactive drugs
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Latinx/hispanic
  • acculturation
  • acculturative stress
  • alcohol
  • drugs
  • immigrants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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