Purpose: We initiated a large multicenter phase II trial in stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to evaluate the activity and safety of an oral gelatin-based formation of vinorelbine. Patients and Methods: Twenty-three centers participated in this uncontrolled phase II study, which accrued patients between August 1991 and March 1992. Eligible patients had previously untreated measurable or assessable stage IV NSCLC, age more than 18 years, and Karnofsky performance status ≥ 70%. The treatment plan initially was to administer 100 mg/m2/wk of oral vinorelbine or 80 mg/m2/wk for patients who had received prior radiation therapy. After the observation of grade IV granulocytopenia in six of the first 25 patients, subsequent doses were reduced by 40 mg (one capsule) in all patients. Results: One hundred sixty-two patients were treated: 138 with measurable and 24 with assessable disease. One hundred two patients were men and 60 women. The mean age was 62 years (range, 36 to 83). The overall response rate was 14.5% for patients with measurable disease (95% confidence interval, 9.3% to 21.7%). The median time to treatment failure (TTF) for all patients was 9 weeks. The median survival time was 29 weeks; the 1-year survival rate was 22%. Toxicities included grade 3 or 4 neutropenia in 40%, which was dependent on the vinorelbine dose. Other toxicities included mild to moderate nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, and stomatitis. The mean dose intensity of vinorelbine was 53 mg/m2. Conclusion: Oral vinorelbine administered once weekly is an active agent in stage IV NSCLC. The median survival time of 29 weeks is similar to that achieved with single-agent intravenous vinorelbine and more aggressive cisplatin-based combinations. Further studies of this compound in the palliative-intent care setting appear to be indicated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research