Multi-university research teams: Shifting impact, geography, and stratification in science

Benjamin F. Jones, Stefan Wuchty, Brian Uzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

333 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper demonstrates that teamwork in science increasingly spans university boundaries, a dramatic shift in knowledge production that generalizes across virtually all fields of science, engineering, and social science. Moreover, elite universities play a dominant role in this shift. By examining 4.2 million papers published over three decades, we found that multi-university collaborations (i) are the fastest growing type of authorship structure, (ii) produce the highest-impact papers when they include a top-tier university, and (iii) are increasingly stratified by in-group university rank. Despite the rising frequency of research that crosses university boundaries, the intensification of social stratification in multi-university collaborations suggests a concentration of the production of scientific knowledge in fewer rather than more centers of high-impact science.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1259-1262
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume322
Issue number5905
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2008

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