Multi-university research teams: Shifting impact, geography, and stratification in science

Benjamin F. Jones, Stefan Wuchty, Brian Uzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

330 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper demonstrates that teamwork in science increasingly spans university boundaries, a dramatic shift in knowledge production that generalizes across virtually all fields of science, engineering, and social science. Moreover, elite universities play a dominant role in this shift. By examining 4.2 million papers published over three decades, we found that multi-university collaborations (i) are the fastest growing type of authorship structure, (ii) produce the highest-impact papers when they include a top-tier university, and (iii) are increasingly stratified by in-group university rank. Despite the rising frequency of research that crosses university boundaries, the intensification of social stratification in multi-university collaborations suggests a concentration of the production of scientific knowledge in fewer rather than more centers of high-impact science.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1259-1262
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume322
Issue number5905
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Geography
Research
Authorship
Social Sciences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Multi-university research teams : Shifting impact, geography, and stratification in science. / Jones, Benjamin F.; Wuchty, Stefan; Uzzi, Brian.

In: Science, Vol. 322, No. 5905, 21.11.2008, p. 1259-1262.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jones, Benjamin F. ; Wuchty, Stefan ; Uzzi, Brian. / Multi-university research teams : Shifting impact, geography, and stratification in science. In: Science. 2008 ; Vol. 322, No. 5905. pp. 1259-1262.
@article{db4a34e6b0f54bb6bfd6ae087edf2b3a,
title = "Multi-university research teams: Shifting impact, geography, and stratification in science",
abstract = "This paper demonstrates that teamwork in science increasingly spans university boundaries, a dramatic shift in knowledge production that generalizes across virtually all fields of science, engineering, and social science. Moreover, elite universities play a dominant role in this shift. By examining 4.2 million papers published over three decades, we found that multi-university collaborations (i) are the fastest growing type of authorship structure, (ii) produce the highest-impact papers when they include a top-tier university, and (iii) are increasingly stratified by in-group university rank. Despite the rising frequency of research that crosses university boundaries, the intensification of social stratification in multi-university collaborations suggests a concentration of the production of scientific knowledge in fewer rather than more centers of high-impact science.",
author = "Jones, {Benjamin F.} and Stefan Wuchty and Brian Uzzi",
year = "2008",
month = "11",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1126/science.1158357",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "322",
pages = "1259--1262",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "5905",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Multi-university research teams

T2 - Shifting impact, geography, and stratification in science

AU - Jones, Benjamin F.

AU - Wuchty, Stefan

AU - Uzzi, Brian

PY - 2008/11/21

Y1 - 2008/11/21

N2 - This paper demonstrates that teamwork in science increasingly spans university boundaries, a dramatic shift in knowledge production that generalizes across virtually all fields of science, engineering, and social science. Moreover, elite universities play a dominant role in this shift. By examining 4.2 million papers published over three decades, we found that multi-university collaborations (i) are the fastest growing type of authorship structure, (ii) produce the highest-impact papers when they include a top-tier university, and (iii) are increasingly stratified by in-group university rank. Despite the rising frequency of research that crosses university boundaries, the intensification of social stratification in multi-university collaborations suggests a concentration of the production of scientific knowledge in fewer rather than more centers of high-impact science.

AB - This paper demonstrates that teamwork in science increasingly spans university boundaries, a dramatic shift in knowledge production that generalizes across virtually all fields of science, engineering, and social science. Moreover, elite universities play a dominant role in this shift. By examining 4.2 million papers published over three decades, we found that multi-university collaborations (i) are the fastest growing type of authorship structure, (ii) produce the highest-impact papers when they include a top-tier university, and (iii) are increasingly stratified by in-group university rank. Despite the rising frequency of research that crosses university boundaries, the intensification of social stratification in multi-university collaborations suggests a concentration of the production of scientific knowledge in fewer rather than more centers of high-impact science.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=56749181456&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=56749181456&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1126/science.1158357

DO - 10.1126/science.1158357

M3 - Article

C2 - 18845711

AN - SCOPUS:56749181456

VL - 322

SP - 1259

EP - 1262

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 5905

ER -