mTERF2 Regulates Oxidative Phosphorylation by Modulating mtDNA Transcription

Tina Wenz, Corneliu C Luca, Alessandra Torraco, Carlos T Moraes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Regulation of mitochondrial protein expression is crucial for the function of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system. Although the basal machinery for mitochondrial transcription is known, the regulatory mechanisms are not completely understood. Here, we characterized mTERF2, a mitochondria-localized homolog of the mitochondrial transcription termination factor mTERF1. We show that inactivation of mTERF2 in the mouse results in a myopathy and memory deficits associated with decreased levels of mitochondrial transcripts and imbalanced tRNA pool. These aberrations were associated with decreased steady-state levels of OXPHOS proteins causing a decrease in respiratory function. mTERF2 binds to the mtDNA promoter region, suggesting that it affects transcription initiation. In vitro interaction studies suggest that mtDNA mediates interactions between mTERF2 and mTERF3. Our results indicate that mTERF1, mTERF2, and mTERF3 regulate transcription by acting in the same site in the mtDNA promoter region and thereby mediate fine-tuning of mitochondrial transcription and hence OXPHOS function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-511
Number of pages13
JournalCell Metabolism
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 14 2009

Fingerprint

Oxidative Phosphorylation
Mitochondrial DNA
Genetic Promoter Regions
Mitochondrial Proteins
Memory Disorders
Muscular Diseases
Transfer RNA
Mitochondria
Transcription Factors
Proteins

Keywords

  • HUMDISEASE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

mTERF2 Regulates Oxidative Phosphorylation by Modulating mtDNA Transcription. / Wenz, Tina; Luca, Corneliu C; Torraco, Alessandra; Moraes, Carlos T.

In: Cell Metabolism, Vol. 9, No. 6, 14.05.2009, p. 499-511.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{21c1183103584bbcbe54ce4b74a90bc2,
title = "mTERF2 Regulates Oxidative Phosphorylation by Modulating mtDNA Transcription",
abstract = "Regulation of mitochondrial protein expression is crucial for the function of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system. Although the basal machinery for mitochondrial transcription is known, the regulatory mechanisms are not completely understood. Here, we characterized mTERF2, a mitochondria-localized homolog of the mitochondrial transcription termination factor mTERF1. We show that inactivation of mTERF2 in the mouse results in a myopathy and memory deficits associated with decreased levels of mitochondrial transcripts and imbalanced tRNA pool. These aberrations were associated with decreased steady-state levels of OXPHOS proteins causing a decrease in respiratory function. mTERF2 binds to the mtDNA promoter region, suggesting that it affects transcription initiation. In vitro interaction studies suggest that mtDNA mediates interactions between mTERF2 and mTERF3. Our results indicate that mTERF1, mTERF2, and mTERF3 regulate transcription by acting in the same site in the mtDNA promoter region and thereby mediate fine-tuning of mitochondrial transcription and hence OXPHOS function.",
keywords = "HUMDISEASE",
author = "Tina Wenz and Luca, {Corneliu C} and Alessandra Torraco and Moraes, {Carlos T}",
year = "2009",
month = "5",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1016/j.cmet.2009.04.010",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "499--511",
journal = "Cell Metabolism",
issn = "1550-4131",
publisher = "Cell Press",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - mTERF2 Regulates Oxidative Phosphorylation by Modulating mtDNA Transcription

AU - Wenz, Tina

AU - Luca, Corneliu C

AU - Torraco, Alessandra

AU - Moraes, Carlos T

PY - 2009/5/14

Y1 - 2009/5/14

N2 - Regulation of mitochondrial protein expression is crucial for the function of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system. Although the basal machinery for mitochondrial transcription is known, the regulatory mechanisms are not completely understood. Here, we characterized mTERF2, a mitochondria-localized homolog of the mitochondrial transcription termination factor mTERF1. We show that inactivation of mTERF2 in the mouse results in a myopathy and memory deficits associated with decreased levels of mitochondrial transcripts and imbalanced tRNA pool. These aberrations were associated with decreased steady-state levels of OXPHOS proteins causing a decrease in respiratory function. mTERF2 binds to the mtDNA promoter region, suggesting that it affects transcription initiation. In vitro interaction studies suggest that mtDNA mediates interactions between mTERF2 and mTERF3. Our results indicate that mTERF1, mTERF2, and mTERF3 regulate transcription by acting in the same site in the mtDNA promoter region and thereby mediate fine-tuning of mitochondrial transcription and hence OXPHOS function.

AB - Regulation of mitochondrial protein expression is crucial for the function of the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system. Although the basal machinery for mitochondrial transcription is known, the regulatory mechanisms are not completely understood. Here, we characterized mTERF2, a mitochondria-localized homolog of the mitochondrial transcription termination factor mTERF1. We show that inactivation of mTERF2 in the mouse results in a myopathy and memory deficits associated with decreased levels of mitochondrial transcripts and imbalanced tRNA pool. These aberrations were associated with decreased steady-state levels of OXPHOS proteins causing a decrease in respiratory function. mTERF2 binds to the mtDNA promoter region, suggesting that it affects transcription initiation. In vitro interaction studies suggest that mtDNA mediates interactions between mTERF2 and mTERF3. Our results indicate that mTERF1, mTERF2, and mTERF3 regulate transcription by acting in the same site in the mtDNA promoter region and thereby mediate fine-tuning of mitochondrial transcription and hence OXPHOS function.

KW - HUMDISEASE

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=66049104206&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=66049104206&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cmet.2009.04.010

DO - 10.1016/j.cmet.2009.04.010

M3 - Article

C2 - 19490905

AN - SCOPUS:66049104206

VL - 9

SP - 499

EP - 511

JO - Cell Metabolism

JF - Cell Metabolism

SN - 1550-4131

IS - 6

ER -