MTBP is overexpressed in triple-negative breast cancer and contributes to its growth and survival

Brian C. Grieb, Xi Chen, Christine M. Eischen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a clinically aggressive subtype of breast cancer commonly resistant to therapeutics that have been successful in increasing survival in patients with estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) and HER2+breast cancer. As such, identifying factors that contribute to poor patient outcomes and mediate the growth and survival of TNBC cells remain important areas of investigation. MTBP (MDM2-binding protein), a gene linked to cellular proliferation and a transcriptional target of the MYC oncogene, is overexpressed in human malignancies, yet its contribution to cancer remains unresolved. Evaluation ofmRNA expression and copy number variation data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) revealed that MTBP is commonly overexpressed in breast cancer and 19% show amplification of MTBP. Increased transcript or gene amplification of MTBP significantly correlated with reduced breast cancer patient survival. Further analysis revealed that while MTBP mRNA is overexpressed in both ER+and HER2+breast cancers, its expression is highest in TNBC. MTBP mRNA and protein levels were also significantly elevated in a panel of human TNBCcell lines. Knockdown of MTBP inTNBC cells induced apoptosis and significantly reduced TNBC cell growth and soft agar colony formation, which was rescued by expression of shRNA-resistant Mtbp. Notably, inducible knockdown of MTBP expression significantly impaired TNBC tumor growth, in vivo, including in established tumors. Thus, these data emphasize that MTBP is important for the growth and survival of TNBC and warrants further investigation as a potential novel therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1216-1224
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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