MRZ 2/579, a novel uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist, reduces infarct volume and brain swelling and improves neurological deficit after focal cerebral ischemia in rats

Yitao Liu, Ludmila Belayev, Weizhao Zhao, Raul Busto, Myron D. Ginsberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of MRZ 2/579, an uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist, on infarct size, extent of swelling and neurological deficit in a model of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats. Physiologically controlled Sprague-Dawley rats received 2 h MCAo by retrograde insertion of an intraluminal suture coated with poly-L-lysine. The agent (MRZ 2/579) or vehicle (sodium chloride 0.9%) was administered i.v. immediately after suture removal following a 2-h period of MCAo. Two experimental groups were studied: group A was treated by vehicle (bolus infusion:1 ml/kg for 10 min followed by infusion of 6 ml/kg/h over 6 h). Group B was treated by MRZ 2/579 (bolus infusion:10 mg/kg for 10 min followed by infusion of 6 mg/kg/h over 6 h). The neurological status was evaluated during occlusion (at 60 min) and daily for 3 days after MCAo. Brains were then perfusion-fixed, and infarct volumes and brain swelling were determined. MRZ 2/579 significantly improved the neurological score compared to vehicle-treated rats at 48 h (6.2±0.6 and 8.7±0.5, respectively; P<0.004) and 72 h after MCAo (5.2±0.6 and 8.4±0.5, respectively; P<0.001). Treatment with MRZ 2/579 also significantly reduced total infarct volume (29.3±11.1 and 83.2±16.5 mm3, respectively; P<0.01), cortical infarct volume (24.8±11.2 and 70.0±18.0 mm3, respectively; P<0.04) and subcortical infarction (21.2±4.1 and 49.6±4.5 mm3, respectively; P<0.0002). Brain swelling was also markedly reduced compared with vehicle-treated rats (4.7±1.3 and 10.8±2.1%, respectively; P<0.02). These results demonstrate that treatment with MRZ 2/579, when administered promptly after reperfusion, confers neuroprotective effects on infarct volume, brain swelling, and neurological score compared to the vehicle group. Themes: Disorders of the nervous system. Topics: Ischemia. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-119
Number of pages9
JournalBrain Research
Volume862
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 17 2000

Keywords

  • Focal cerebral ischemia
  • Image-analysis
  • MRZ 2/579
  • Neuroprotection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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