Motor proficiency, strength, endurance, and physical activity among middle school children who are healthy, overweight, and obese

Annabel Nunez-Gaunaurd, James G. Moore, Kathryn E. Roach, Tracie L. Miller, Neva J. Kirk-Sanchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations


Purpose: To compare motor proficiency, strength, endurance, and physical activity among children from minority backgrounds who were healthy weight (HW), overweight (OW), or obese (OB). Methods: Eighty-six children, aged 10 to 15 years, of mostly Hispanic ethnicity, participated. Children were categorized according to body mass index-for-age percentile. Bruininks-Oseretsky Test ofMotor Proficiency (BOT2) Short Form, Sit-to-Stand (STS), Timed Up and Down Stairs, and 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) were administered. Physical activity wasmeasured by using activitymonitors. Results: Forty-five percent of childrenwere classified asOW/OB. Children who were OB had lower mean BOT2, STS, and 6MWT performance than children of HW. Among children whowere OW/OB, daily mean steps were lower and sedentaryminutes higher than children of HW. In children who were OW/OB, body mass index was negatively correlated with BOT2, STS, and abdominal curls. Conclusion: Children who are OB demonstrate greater impairments in motor proficiency, strength, and endurance and participate in less physical activity than peers of HW.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-138
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Physical Therapy
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013



  • Adolescent
  • Body mass index
  • Child
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Ideal body weight
  • Motor activity
  • Motor skill
  • Muscle strength
  • Obesity
  • Overweight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

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