Morphologic-echocardiographic correlates of Ebstein's malformation

P. G. Rusconi, J. R. Zuberbuhler, R. H. Anderson, M. L. Rigby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The cross-sectional echocardiographic findings were analysed retrospectively in 26 patients with Ebstein's malformation in the light of studies of autopsied specimens from different patients showing this lesion. The salient anatomical feature in diagnosis is the finding of the hinge point of the septal and mural leaflets of the valve within the inlet component of the right ventricle rather than at the atrioventricular junction. The other important feature is the nature of the distal attachment of the leaflets, particularly the anterosuperior one, which can either be in focal or linear fashion. The hinge point of the septal leaflet was noted echocardiographically to be displaced in 19 patients but, significantly, the leaflet was absent in the other seven. Also significant was that the hinge point of the mural leaflet at the crux had been visualized in only 15 of the patients. The anterosuperior leaflet had a distal linear attachment in 20 of the patients, with the anteroseptal commissure becoming a keyhole in six of these through which blood passed to the functional right ventricle. The valve remained a competent structure, even though closing at the junction of atrialized and functional components of the right ventricle rather than at the atrioventricular junction. Cross-sectional echocardiography is the technique of choice with which to display the salient morphological features of Ebstein's malformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)784-790
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean heart journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • Anatomy
  • Cross-sectional echocardiography
  • Doppler echocardiography
  • Ebstein's malformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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