Na channels that produce the action potentials of nerve and muscle include a selectivity filter formed by both positively and negatively charged amino acid residues in a molecular pore. Here we present Monte Carlo simulations of equilibrium ion absorption in such a system. Ions are treated as charged hard spheres in a uniform dielectric. Tethered carboxylate and amino groups known to line the selectivity filter of the Na channel are represented as charged hard spheres and restricted to the filter region of the channel. Consistent with experiments, we find (1) that absorption of Ca2+ into the filter exceeds absorption of Na+ only when the concentration of Ca2+ is some tenfold larger than physiological; (2) the model channel absorbs smaller alkali metal ions preferentially compared to larger ones. The alkali metal selectivity involves volume exclusion of larger ions from the center of the filter region.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry